Saudi Arabian Riyal (SAR)

Saudi Arabian Riyal (SAR) is the official currency of Saudi Arabia, a country located in the Middle East.

The Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) is responsible for issuing and administering the rial.

Segments and denominations


Saudi Arabian Riyal is subdivided into 100 smaller units known as halalas.

Coins are available in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 harala, as well as 1 and 2 riyals.

Banknotes are available in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 rials.

Exchange rate

The value of the Saudi Riyal against other currencies is determined by market forces and can fluctuate due to a variety of factors including inflation, interest rates, economic growth and geopolitical events.

However, the riyal is pegged to the U.S. dollar at a fixed exchange rate of 3.75 Saudi riyals (SAR) to 1 U.S. dollar (USD), which provides stability to the currency.


Saudi Arabia is the Middle East’s largest economy and one of the world’s largest oil producers and exporters.

The country’s economy relies heavily on the oil industry, which accounts for a large portion of government revenue and export earnings.

In addition to the oil industry, the country is also working to diversify its economy by investing in other industries such as petrochemicals, construction and tourism.

Challenges and prospects

Saudi Arabia faces multiple economic challenges, including dependence on oil revenue, high unemployment, and a rapidly growing population.

The government has launched a series of reforms and initiatives such as Vision 2030, which aims to reduce the country's dependence on oil, diversify the economy, and develop public sectors such as health, education, and infrastructure.

Efforts to diversify the economy have led to growth in the non-oil sector, but the country remains vulnerable to oil price fluctuations and global demand for petroleum products.

The success of Vision 2030 and other initiatives will depend largely on the government’s ability to implement reforms and attract foreign investment in non-oil sectors.


In summary, the Saudi Arabian Riyal is the official currency of Saudi Arabia and is managed by the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority.

Currency is divided into halalas, with coins and banknotes of various denominations.

The value of the rial is pegged to the U.S. dollar, providing stability to the currency. Saudi Arabia is the Middle East's largest economy and relies heavily on its oil industry.

The country faces challenges related to its dependence on oil revenues and has launched initiatives such as Vision 2030 to diversify its economy and address these challenges.

If you want to learn more foreign exchange trading knowledge, please click: Trading Education.

Related Posts