In the financial world, speculating can be described as the act of buying a financial asset, hoping to make a profit when the asset’s price appreciates (or depreciate, when short selling) over time.

In layman’s terms, a speculator will aim to “buy low and sell high (or sell high and buy back at a lower price when shorting!).

In the forex markets, retails traders are speculating when they try to make a profit when one currency appreciates versus another currency.