Safe haven currencies are currencies that are expected to retain or increase in value when it seems like the world is coming to an end (geopolitical stress).
As other safe haven assets, safe haven currencies are sought by investors to mitigate financial risk when economic turbulence hits. Three major safe haven currencies are the US dollar (USD), the Japanese yen (JPY) and the Swiss franc (CHF). The euro is now in competition as an alternative safe haven currency. US dollar will remain the best safe haven currency in the short term and the best investment currency in the medium term. In every uncertainty of the US equity market as well as in the case of a decline of the US dollar, the investor may consider investing in a safe haven currency like the yen or the Swiss franc. Given the stability of Swiss government and financial system of the country, the increased foreign demand for the currency usually pushes the Swiss franc upward. There are number of factors, characterizing the dynamics in which the investors fall, rushing to the Japanese yen during periods of global risk aversion. Traders looked for refuge in the cryptocurrency because they cannot find refuge elsewhere.