In this article, We learn about "European Commission ".Let's Go!
The European Commission (“EC”) is the politically independent executive body of the European Union.
It is solely responsible for drafting proposals for new European legislation and implementing decisions of European Parliament and European Council .
- The European Parliament is the legislative body of the European Union. It is directly elected by EU voters every 5 years .
- In the Council of the European Union, Government ministers from each EU country meet to discuss, revise and pass laws and coordinate policies. Ministers have the power to commit their governments to actions agreed at the meeting.
- Together with the European Parliament, the Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union.
What does the European Commission do?
Its role is to promote the interests of the EU as a whole by proposing and implementing legislation and implementing policy and the EU budget.
Proposed new law
Its job is to make laws for member states and enforce them.
headquartered in Brussels,
it is the only EU institution
that can draft laws.
It employs more than 32,000 people in total and has an operating cost of 3.6 billion euros this year.
Its proposals could become law once they are approved by the European Parliament and the council, which consists of 28 ministers from EU countries.
The laws it proposes cover many areas.
manages EU policy and allocates EU funds
- Developing EU spending priorities with Council and Parliament
- Prepare an annual budget for approval by Parliament and Council
- Overseeing the use of funds under review by the Court of Auditors
Enforce EU law
The European Commission, together with the European Court of Justice, ensures that EU law is correctly applied in all member states.
represents the EU internationally
The European Commission represents all EU countries in international bodies, especially in the areas of trade policy and humanitarian aid
It also negotiates international agreements for the EU.
How is the European Commission structured?
Political leadership is provided by a team of 27 commissioners (one from each EU country) – led by Committee Chair who decides who is responsible for what policy area.
The Commissioners Academy is composed of:
- Committee Chairman
- 8 Vice President
- 3 Executive Vice President
- High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
- 18 specialists, each responsible for a combination
Daily running of committee business is carried out by its staff (lawyers, economists, etc.), these departments are organized into Director Generals (DG), each responsible for specific policy areas.
Appointment of Chairman
The 28 members are replaced every five years.
New Commissioners (one per country) and Commission President will be elected by vote from the newly elected European Parliament.
The candidates must all be approved by an absolute majority in the Parliament, which has 751 MEPs.
Candidates are proposed by the leaders of the European Council taking into account the results of the European Parliament elections.
He or she needs the support of a majority of the members of the European Parliament to be elected.
Choose a team
Presidential candidates select potential vice-presidents and commissioners based on suggestions from EU countries.
The list of nominations must be approved by the national leaders of the European Council.
Each nominee will appear before the European Parliament to explain their vision and answer questions. Parliament then votes on whether to accept the nominees as a team.
Finally, they are appointed by the European Council by a qualified majority.
The term of this committee is until October 31, 2024.
How does the European Commission work?
The chair sets the committee's policy direction, enables members to jointly decide on strategic goals, and develops an annual work plan.
Decisions are made based on collective responsibility. All committee members are equal in the decision-making process and are equally responsible for those decisions. They do not have any personal decision-making authority unless authorized in certain circumstances.
The Vice-President acts on behalf of the President and coordinates the work within his or her responsibilities with several members.
Priority projects are set to help ensure that colleges work together in a close, flexible way.
Members support the Vice-Chairman’s proposal to the Academy. Generally, decisions are made by consensus, but voting can also take place. In this case, decisions are taken by simple majority, with each member having one vote.
The relevant Directorate (headed by the Director-General reporting to the relevant Commissioner) then discusses the topic. This is usually done in the form of draft legislative proposals.
These are then re-submitted to the Commissioners for adoption at their weekly meetings, after which they become official documents and sent to the Council and Parliament for the next stage of the EU legislative process.
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