The Bank for International Settlements  (BIS) is the central bank for central banks.

Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is the central bank. Founded in 1930, the Bank for International Settlements is the oldest global financial institution and operates under the auspices of international law. But from its inception to the present day, the role of the BIS has been ever-changing as it adapts to the dynamic global financial community and its needs.

The BIS is owned by 62 central banks, representing countries worldwide that together account for about 95% of world GDP.

From its inception to the present day, the BIS has played several critical roles in the global economy.

Its head office is in Basel, Switzerland, and it has two representative offices: in Hong Kong SAR and Mexico City.

Their mission is “to serve central banks in their pursuit of monetary and financial stability, to foster international cooperation in those areas and to act as a bank for central banks.

It has three primary purposes:

  1. Aim at promoting monetary and financial stability.
  2. Act as a forum for discussion and cooperation among central banks and the financial community.
  3. Act as a bank to central banks and international organizations.

The BIS frequently acts as the market intermediary between national central banks and the market.

The BIS has become increasingly active as central banks have increased their currency reserve management.

When the BIS is reported to be buying or selling at a level, it is usually for a central bank, and thus the amounts can be significant.

The BIS is used to avoid markets mistaking buying or selling interest for official government intervention.

As part of their monetary and financial stability work, they regularly publish related analyses and international banking and economic statistics that underpin policymaking, academic research, and public debate.