Angela Dorothea Merkel is Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany and is currently the Chairwoman of her political party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).

On November 22, 2005, Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany. In 2009 her party acquired the most votes, granting her re-election and forming a larger coalition government.

Originally a physical chemist by profession, Merkel became the Federal Minister of Women and Youth in 1991; Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in 1994, and President of the European Council for six months and Chairwoman of the G8 Summit in 2007.